How to paraphrase a source

General advice

  1. When reading a passage, try first to understand it as a whole, rather than pausing to write down specific ideas or phrases.
  2. Be selective. Unless your assignment is to do a formal or “literal” paraphrase, you usually don?t need to paraphrase an entire passage; instead, choose and summarize the material that helps you make a point in your paper.
  3. Think of what “your own words” would be if you were telling someone who’s unfamiliar with your subject (your mother, your brother, a friend) what the original source said.
  4. Remember that you can use direct quotations of phrases from the original within your paraphrase, and that you don’t need to change or put quotation marks around shared language.
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calibre User Manual

calibre is an ebook library manager. It can view, convert and catalog ebooks in most of the major ebook formats. It can also talk to many ebook reader devices. It can go out to the Internet and fetch metadata for your books. It can download newspapers and convert them into ebooks for convenient reading. It is cross platform, running on Linux, Windows and OS X.

You’ve just started calibre. What do you do now? Before calibre can do anything with your ebooks, it first has to know about them. Drag and drop a few ebook files into calibre, or click the “Add books” button and browse for the ebooks you want to work with. Once you’ve added the books, they will show up in the main view looking something like this:


more info

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eBook Platforms

Self Publishing Platforms Compared

“The list and associated report is useful because it profiles a variety of different eBook platforms and associated service providers, many of which I was not familiar with.  I’d recommend checking them all out…”

Smashwords, Lulu, BookTango, eBookIT!, BookBaby, Vook, PressBooks

“For the purposes of this blog entry…compares eight self publishing tools or platforms, six of which are on the list, and two which are not: Kindle Direct Publishing (KDP), Smashwords, Lulu, BookTango, eBookIT!, BookBaby, Vook and PressBooks. If you were interested in self publishing then I’d recommend you check out all these services. The author personally published books via KDP, Smashwords, Lulu, Vook and PressBooks and had a play with BookTango.”

Click here a larger PDF version.

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Blog-to-Book Capability of PressBooks

You can create a book from your entire blog or export a single category. “PressBooks is actually much more than a blog-to-book tool. It’s an open source, online book publishing platform used by many, including the Harvard Business Review Press,” 

How to Use Pressbooks to Go Blog-to-Book  Guest post by Carla King

“When I found out that PressBooks had a blog-to-book tool, frankly, I didn’t expect much, as similar tools I’ve tried have crashed or stalled in the middle of the process without so much as an error message. But because, after all, it is my job, I was obligated to take a moment to try it. Sigh. Imagine my surprise when PressBooks consumed my blog posts in under 30 seconds.”

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Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing


This handout is intended to help you become more comfortable with the uses of and distinctions among quotations, paraphrases, and summaries. This handout compares and contrasts the three terms, gives some pointers, and includes a short excerpt that you can use to practice these skills. – Contributors:Dana Lynn Driscoll, Allen Brizee

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Methods of Paraphrasing

  1. Look away from the source then write.

    Read the text you want to paraphrase several times until you feel that you understand it and can use your own words to restate it to someone else. Then, look away from the original and rewrite the text in your own words.

  2. Take notes.

    Take abbreviated notes; set the notes aside; then paraphrase from the notes a day or so later, or when you draft.

If you find that you can’t do A or B, this may mean that you don’t understand the passage completely or that you need to use a more structured process until you have more experience in paraphrasing.



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Front Matter for your Book

Front matter, traditionally, contains information the author and publisher would like the reader to see before getting to the main text. It may include introductions, prefaces, and so on, as well as information about the publication history of the book, information from and about the author, copyrights, credits and acknowledgments.

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